Best plants to use as fence cover

There are many reasons to install a fence around your property. Whether you’re looking to increase privacy, reduce noise pollution, or keep pets and children safe, a fence can be a great addition to your home.

And while there are many different types of fencing materials available on the market today, using plants as a fence cover is becoming an increasingly popular option.

Not only does it provide privacy and noise reduction, but it can also add a touch of nature to your property.

So, if you’re considering using plants as a fence cover, here are 10 of the best options to choose from:

1. Bamboo

Bamboo is one of the fastest-growing plants in the world, making it an ideal choice for a fence cover.

It’s also very strong and durable, so it can withstand high winds and heavy rains. Plus, it’s environmentally friendly and requires very little maintenance.

If you choose bamboo, it will almost certainly not be a living fence because bamboo will be used as poles connected by wire or string.

Therefore, rather than a traditional vegetation fence, the bamboo will act as a wall that blocks the view.

grow bamboo as fence

You can also use bamboo as a screen by planting it in front of an existing fence. This will give you almost the same level of privacy as a living fence.

But, because the bamboo is not attached to the fence, it may not provide as much protection from the elements. Or, you may want to use plant bamboo more frequently in order not to leave large gaps.

Many bamboo species make excellent privacy screens, such as:

  • Blue Chungii
  • Scottish Bamboo
  • Seabreeze Bamboo 

Each bamboo species has distinct characteristics that should be examined before acquiring and constructing a screen out of it.

These characteristics include average height, diameter, USDA Zones, attractiveness, and maintenance requirements.

Although bamboo is not a high-maintenance plant, you should still be aware of what you’re doing.

This involves watering, trimming, pruning, root control, and fertilization. Different species of bamboo have different requirements for these activities. Thus, be sure to select a species of bamboo that you’re prepared to take care of.

2. Ivy

Ivy is another fast-growing plant that makes an excellent fence cover. It’s easy to care for and can quickly cover large areas. And, because it’s a climbing plant, it can provide both privacy and decoration for your fence.

green fence of ivy

You can use both artificial and real ivy to cover your fence. Both options have pros and cons that you should consider before making a decision.

Real ivy is a great choice if you’re looking for a low-maintenance option. Once it’s established, it requires very little care. However, it can be difficult to get started, and it may take a few years for it to fully cover your fence.

If you’re looking for a fast way to cover your fence, artificial ivy is a great option. It’s easy to install and doesn’t require any maintenance.

Although it will still provide some privacy, it won’t be as beautiful or as effective as real ivy.

The artificial ivy fence panels do not need to be watered or cared for. They have the same appearance as the actual thing and can be placed anywhere you need them.

You may buy a faux ivy privacy fence from Home Depot and other merchants as cheap as $100. Obviously, the larger the area you want to cover, the pricier it becomes.

If you choose real ivy, be sure to select a species that is native to your area. In reality, most ivy species are considered invasive.

However, non-native ivy can be really invasive and difficult to control.

The best choices for a fence cover include:

  • English ivy (Hedera helix)
  • Boston ivy (Parthenocissus tricuspidata)
  • Persian ivy (Hedera colchica, zones 6-9)

These species are all easy to care for and can quickly cover large areas. However, there may be some differences in what climates they can tolerate.

English ivy grows best in USDA Zones 4-13, Boston ivy in USDA Zones 4-8, and Persian ivy in USDA Zones 6-9.

If you’re thinking about growing English ivy, keep in mind that it’s an invasive species that you should avoid in general.

The Persian variant thrives on chain-link fences, and its roots grow above ground. Growing the Persian variant up to 10 to 15 feet takes around five years.

The English ivy is the most temperature tolerant out of the three. It can do well in places where the summer is hot but winters are still relatively cold.

When it comes to Boston ivy and Persian ivy, they can tolerate a much smaller range of temperatures.

English ivy has roots that extend along its stems and can cling to wire fences. As an invasive species, it can grow up to 9 feet per year, which is quite fast. Boston ivy can grow up to 20 feet tall and 50 feet wide in a few years.

When it comes to soil, most ivy species prefer it to be on the acidic side with a pH level between 4.5 and 6.0.

They love well-drained soil that is high in organic matter. As for watering, you should water your ivy plants regularly and deeply.

This is especially true when they are young and establishing themselves. Once they are established, they can tolerate periods of drought.

When it comes to fertilizing, you should only do so if your ivy plants are not growing as fast as you would like.

You can use a slow-release fertilizer that is high in nitrogen. This type of fertilizer will provide your ivy plants with the nutrients they need to grow quickly. You can also use compost or manure to fertilize your ivy plants.

3. Roses

Roses are a classic choice for a fence cover. They’re beautiful, fragrant, and come in a variety of colors. Plus, they’re relatively easy to care for and can bring a touch of elegance to your fence.

Rose fence

However, roses do require a bit more maintenance than other options on this list. They need to be pruned regularly, and you’ll need to be careful of aphids and other pests.

Roses come in a wide range of colors, including white, pink, red, and yellow. You can also find roses that are bi-colored or have stripes. When it comes to fragrance, some roses are more fragrant than others.

If you’re looking for a rose that is easy to care for, look for one that is disease-resistant. Some of the best choices include:

  • Climbing roses
  • Floribunda roses
  • Miniature roses
  • Polyantha roses
  • Rugosa roses

These varieties of roses are all fairly easy to care for and can tolerate a variety of conditions. When it comes to choosing a rose for your fence, it’s important to select one that is appropriate for your climate.

Roses prefer full sun and well-drained soil. They also need to be watered regularly, especially during the summer months. You should also fertilize your roses every few months to encourage healthy growth.

Most roses grow best in USDA Zones 4-9. However, there are some varieties that can tolerate colder or hotter climates. When it comes to pruning, you should do so in the late winter or early spring.

This will encourage new growth and help to keep your roses healthy. You can also deadhead your roses, which means removing the spent blooms. This will encourage your roses to produce more flowers.

Planting roses on your fence you should start by digging a hole that is twice the width of the rose’s root ball. You should also add some compost or manure to the hole before planting.

After planting, you should water your roses deeply. You should also mulch around the base of the plant to help retain moisture.

When it comes to training your roses, you can do so by tying them to support. This will help them to grow along your fence in a neat and tidy manner.

4. Cypress

Cypress trees are a broad category of conifers that includes trees and shrubs from the cypress family (Cupressaceae).

Cypress trees and fences

There are many different species of cypress, but the most common ones used as fence cover are the Italian cypress (Cupressus sempervirens) and the Leyland cypress (x Cupressocyparis leylandii).

Cypress trees are known for their fast growth rates and their ability to tolerate a wide range of conditions.

They’re also relatively easy to care for, which makes them a good choice for those who don’t want to spend a lot of time on maintenance.

Cypress trees prefer full sun and well-drained soil. However, they can tolerate a wide range of soil types and conditions. They’re also drought-tolerant and can withstand periods of drought without any problems.

When it comes to watering, you should only do so when the soil is dry. Cypress trees don’t need a lot of water, and too much can actually be harmful.

You should also fertilize your cypress trees every few months to encourage healthy growth.

Most cypress trees are hardy in USDA Zones 7-11. However, there are some varieties that can tolerate colder or hotter climates. When it comes to pruning, cypress trees don’t need a lot of pruning.

They can actually be damaged by too much pruning, so it’s best to only do it when absolutely necessary. If you do need to prune your cypress tree, it’s best to do so in the late winter or early spring.

Some of the most common varieties of cypress used as fence cover include:

  • Italian cypress (Cupressus sempervirens)
  • Leyland cypress (x Cupressocyparis leylandii)
  • Monterey cypress (Cupressus macrocarpa)
  • Nootka false cypress (Chamaecyparis nootkatensis)

Cypress trees can grow 16 -132 feet tall with a trunk diameter of 3-6 feet. The plant grows 1-3 feet on average per year.

So, unless you choose a very old and massive tree, you’ll have to wait at least a few years for it to fill in as a fence cover.

5. Clematis

Clematis is a popular garden plant that produces masses of flowers in a variety of forms and colors. It can be perfect for covering a fence, as it will quickly climb and cover any unsightly areas.

Clematis on Fence

There are numerous species of Clematis to pick from. So, you should have no problem finding one that meets your needs and preferences. The most common varieties used as fence cover include:

  • Alpine clematis (Clematis alpina)
  • Early large-flowered clematis (Clematis macropetala)
  • Sweet autumn clematis (Clematis terniflora)
  • Japanese clematis (Clematis Vitalba)

Most clematis plants are hardy in USDA Zones 4-9. However, there are some varieties that can tolerate colder or hotter climates. When it comes to planting, clematis prefers full sun to partial shade.

They also prefer rich, well-drained soil. So, if your soil is poor, you may need to amend it before planting. Clematis also requires regular watering, especially during hot weather.

You should also fertilize your clematis plants on a regular basis to encourage healthy growth. You can do this every few weeks during the growing season.

Pruning clematis plants on a regular basis promotes robust, healthy growth, boosts flowering, and keeps them in control.

If these climbers are not trimmed, they will develop a jumble of tangled stems with bare bases and flowers much above eye level, so it is a time-consuming task that is well worth the effort.

To encourage bushy plants with several stems, give all newly planted climbing clematis an initial prune:

  • Cut all stems back to 15-30cm (6in-1ft) from the ground, just above a bud.
  • Prune autumn-planted clematis in February or March and spring-planted clematis shortly after planting.
  • Pinch out young, growing shoots to a lower bud once new growth occurs to stimulate additional branching.

Clematis species (as opposed to hybrids or named cultivars) can also be reproduced from seed.

Although it is a slower process than growing new plants from cuttings or layering, seedlings will look at least a little different from their parents and may have new or distinctive flowers.

To seed-grow a clematis:

  • Collect the ripe seedheads in autumn and dry them on paper towels.
  • Remove the seeds from the dried heads and store them in a paper envelope in a cool, dry place until spring.
  • Sow the seeds on the surface of pots or trays filled with moist, seed sowing compost.
  • Cover the pots or trays with a sheet of glass or clear plastic and place them in a propagator or warm place until the seedlings appear.
  • Once the seedlings are large enough to handle, transplant them into 7.5-10cm (3-4in) pots filled with good-quality compost.
  • Plant the seedlings out into their final positions when they are large enough.

When grown as a fence cover, clematis plants can reach up to 20 feet in length. So, you’ll need to provide them with some support, such as a trellis or wire fence.

6. Honeysuckle

Honeysuckle is a vine or shrub that can grow to the size of a small tree on some occasions. It is an invasive species in the wild, but it can make an attractive and fast-growing fence cover.

Orange honeysuckle on fence

It’s easy to grow and care for, and it produces fragrant flowers in a variety of colors. Plus, it attracts bees and butterflies, which can add to the beauty of your garden.

Some people may find the scent of honeysuckle overwhelming, so it’s best to get approval from your neighbors before planting it near your property line.

Honeysuckle is a hardy plant that can tolerate a wide range of climates and soil types.

However, it prefers full sun to partial shade and moist, well-drained soil. It is hardy in USDA Zones 4-9. When it comes to planting, space the plants 18-24 inches apart.

Honeysuckle doesn’t require much pruning, but you can trim it back in late winter or early spring to control its growth.

7. Jasmine

Jasmine is a fragrant vine or shrub that can make a beautiful and fast-growing fence cover. It’s easy to grow and care for, and it produces white or yellow flowers.

Fence of white flowering Jasmine

The majority of jasmine plants grow in tropical to subtropical climates, while a few do well in colder zones. Therefore, growing jasmine as a fence cover is only possible in USDA Zones 8-11.

To plant jasmine, choose a location that gets full sun to partial shade and has well-drained soil.

Before planting, work some organic matter into the soil to improve drainage. Every few months fertilize jasmine plants with a balanced fertilizer.

Pruning isn’t necessary, but you can trim back the plant in late winter or early spring to control its size and shape.

8. Trumpet Creeper

Trumpet Creeper is a tall, aggressively spreading woody vine that can grow to be 30 feet long. It’s a fast-growing plant with trumpet-shaped flowers in orange, red, and yellow.

trumpet creeper fence

The plant climbs over everything in its path by means of small, suction cup-like discs.

Because of this, it can quickly cover a fence. The pinnately compound leaves have 4 to 6 pairs of leaflets and a terminal one on a 12-inch long axis.

The flowers give way to dark blue berries that are about 1/3-inch in diameter. Trumpet Creeper is a native North American plant that grows in USDA Zones 4-9.

It attracts hummingbirds and is a caterpillar host plant for the Pipevine Swallowtail butterfly.

9. Wisteria

Wisteria blooms profusely in the spring, producing clusters of lilac-colored flowers on new growth, which arises from spurs off the main stalks.

The plant’s showy flowers are followed by 6- to 8-inch seed pods that mature in late summer and persist into winter.

Wisteria flower-Wisteria sinensis

Wisteria is a deciduous, twining vine that can reach up to 25 feet in length. It’s a fast-growing plant that’s easy to care for. Plus, it’s drought tolerant once it’s established.

Thus, it is ideal for covering fences and trellises without taking up too much space in your garden. Wisteria is hardy in USDA Zones 4-9 meaning it thrives in moderate climates.

Wisteria should be planted with caution! All portions of the wisteria plant contain lectin and wisterin, both of which are poisonous to humans and animals if ingested in large quantities.

Plant Wisteria while the plant is dormant in the spring or fall. This will give the plant time to establish roots before it has to produce new growth.

Wisteria may be grown from seed, but it takes many years for seedlings to mature and produce blossoms. Therefore, it is best to buy established wisteria plants or start from a cutting.

10. Morning Glories

Morning glories are robust climbers with wonderfully shaped blooms that open in the sun and seductive tendrils that add an old-fashioned appeal.

morning glory on fence

The plant bloom from early June until the first frost of the autumn season. Their trumpet-shaped flowers are pink, purple-blue, magenta, or white, with thin stems and heart-shaped leaves.

Their fragrant, vibrant blossoms are not only pleasing to the sight, but also to butterflies and hummingbirds.

Gardeners love the common morning glory for a good reason. You don’t have to prune or deadhead the attractive vines as they grow since they are easy to start from seed in the early spring.

Place a trellis or other support near the seeds you intend to plant, and the vines will quickly identify the structure and begin to grow on it. Once the vines have established themselves, they will need little care.

The only problem with morning glories is that their seeds remain viable for years, so you may have volunteers appearing in unexpected places.

If you don’t want morning glories popping up all over your garden, remove the spent blooms before they have a chance to set seed.

Morning glories thrive in damp yet well-draining soil. They prefer a neutral soil pH of 6.0 to 6.8, although they will grow almost any place.

However, they blossom better in soil that is not overly rich in organic matter. If the vines appear to be struggling, you can easily modify the soil later.

Water your morning glories regularly, about one inch each week, and mulch around the roots to keep moisture in. During the growing season, the plant needs the most moisture.

Once established (particularly in the winter if your zone is warm enough to cultivate the plant as an annual), you can reduce the frequency of watering.

Morning glories can withstand both cold and hot weather; they are sturdy and can even survive the first frost and continue to bloom.

In locations where the temperature falls below 45 degrees Fahrenheit, they are cultivated as an annual, but in tropical and subtropical climes, they can be grown as perennials. They have no specific humidity requirements.

Throughout the growing season, feed your morning glories with a low-nitrogen fertilizer every four to five weeks. If you detect a lack of flowers, you can try a phosphorous-rich fertilizer blend.

11. Sweet Peas

In terms of long-lasting attractiveness and bucolic beauty, sweet peas are hard to beat as annual flowers. For all of our hectic schedules, these look like the perfect antidote to them.

Sweet pea

Sweet peas are wonderful for both gardens and bouquets thanks to their sweet scent. They can also be used to cover an unsightly fence.

The sweet pea (Lathyrus odoratus) is a flowering plant in the genus Lathyrus in the family Fabaceae (peas and beans). Sweet peas are native to Sicily, Cyprus, Greece, Portugal, Morocco, Turkey, and Ethiopia.

The plant grows to a height of 1-2 meters (3-6 feet) and has pinnate leaves with two leaflets and tendrils. The flowers are 2-3 centimeters (0.8-1.2 inches) long and come in a variety of colors including red, pink, purple, blue, and white.

Sweet peas are typically grown from seed and will bloom from mid to late spring.

To prolong the blooming season, you can sow new seeds every two weeks. Sweet peas are not very demanding and will grow in most soils as long as they are well-drained.

Amend heavy clay soils with organic matter such as compost or peat moss to improve drainage. Sweet peas prefer a sunny location but will tolerate some light shade.

Water your sweet peas regularly, especially during dry periods. Soak the ground thoroughly to encourage deep root growth.

Fertilize your sweet peas every month or so with a water-soluble fertilizer such as 20-20-20. Be sure to follow the directions on the package.

Pinch back the growing tips of your sweet peas when they are about 15 centimeters (6 inches) tall to encourage bushier growth. You can also remove the lower leaves as they are yellow to focus the plant’s energy on flowering.

12. Black-eyed Susans

Black-eyed Susans are herbaceous plants that are native to North America. They are members of the aster family, Asteraceae, and are named for the dark, brown-purple centers of their daisy-like flower heads.

Black Eyed Susan hanging

The plants can grow to be over 3 feet tall, with 6-inch leaves, 8-inch stalks, and 2 to 3-inch flowers. They make excellent cut flowers and also work well in borders or containers.

They can grow to a height of 30-90 centimeters (1-3 feet) and have hairy, oval-shaped leaves. The flower heads are 5-10 centimeters (2-4 inches) in diameter and contain 20-30 ray flowers. The plant blooms from mid to late summer.

Butterflies, bees, and other insects are drawn to the nectar-rich blossoms of Black-eyed Susans.

They transmit pollen from one plant to another as they drink the nectar, prompting them to produce seeds that can move readily with the wind. It’s worth noting that they can be territorial, squashing out other flowers that grow nearby.

Using black-eyed Susans as a fence cover is an excellent way to add color and interest to your yard.

Since they climb and sprawl, they can quickly cover an unsightly fence. Black-eyed Susans are not particular about soil type but prefer full sun. They will tolerate some shade but may not flower as profusely.

13. Butterfly Bushes

Butterfly bushes are fast-growing, deciduous shrubs that are native to Asia and Africa. They are members of the mint family, Lamiaceae, and get their name from the shape of their flower heads, which resemble a butterfly in flight.

Butterfly bush (Buddleia davidii)

The plants can grow to be 6-12 feet tall and wide, with 4-inch leaves and 6-inch flower heads. They come in a variety of colors including white, pink, purple, and blue.

Gardeners cultivate butterfly bushes for their gorgeous blossoms and ability to attract beneficial insects, such as butterflies, bees, and moths, to their gardens.

In addition to the flowers that appear in the spring and summer, the shrub’s naturally beautiful shape and evergreen foliage make it an attractive plant year-round.

The plant blooms from mid to late summer and into fall. Deadhead the spent flowers to encourage continuous blooming. To keep your butterfly bush looking its best, prune it annually in late winter or early spring.

14. Canna Lilies

Canna lilies are rhizomatous, herbaceous plants that are native to the tropics. They are members of the ginger family, Zingiberaceae, and get their name from the Greek word for reed or cane, kanna.

Canna (canna indica)

The plants can grow to be 6-12 feet tall, with 6-inch leaves and 12-inch flowers. They come in a variety of colors including yellow, orange, pink, and red.

Canna lilies are known for their showy flowers and lush foliage. They make excellent cut flowers and also work well as landscape plants. The plant blooms from mid to late summer.

To keep your canna lily looking its best, deadhead the spent flowers and fertilize the plant monthly.

15. Dahlias

Dahlias are tuberous, herbaceous plants that are native to Mexico. They are members of the Asteraceae family and get their name from the Swedish botanist, Anders Dahl.

Dahlia and fence

The plants can grow to be 3-6 feet tall, with 6-inch leaves and 6-8 inch flowers. They come in a variety of colors including white, yellow, pink, purple, and red.

Dahlias are known for their showy flowers and long flowering season. They make excellent cut flowers and also work well as landscape plants. The plant blooms from summer to fall.

Dahlias thrive in damp, warm climates. Dahlias light up any sunny garden with a growing season that lasts at least 120 days, even if they are not well adapted to severely hot areas (such as southern Florida or Texas).

Dahlias are reliably hardy in hardiness zones 8 to 11. However, gardeners in zones 6 and 7 may succeed in keeping them in the ground. Depending on where you live, you may have to treat dahlias as annuals or dig them up after the first frost and keep them for the winter indoors.

Choosing a favorite dahlia is similar to browsing through a button box. Dahlia flowers can range in size from delicate 2-inch lollipop-style pompoms to huge 15-inch “dinner plate” blooms, as well as a spectrum of hues. The majority of species grow to be 4 to 5 feet tall.

Dahlias grow in direct sunlight for six to eight hours a day, especially in the morning.

Dahlias can be blown over in high winds if they are not supported, therefore wind protection is important. Plan your plantings based on the mature size of the plants.

Dahlias prefer rich, well-draining soil with a pH range of 6.0 to 7.5 for optimum growth and blooming. Add old manure or compost to thick clay soil to lighten and loosen the texture for improved drainage.

16. Daylilies

Daylilies are herbaceous plants that are native to Asia. They are members of the Liliaceae family and get their name from their flowers, which only bloom for one day.

Daylily

The botanical name, Hemerocallis, comes from the Greek words for day and beauty.

The plants can grow to be 2-3 feet tall, with 6-inch leaves and 3-inch flowers. They come in a variety of colors including yellow, orange, pink, purple, and red.

The daylily is an incredibly low-maintenance (almost no upkeep) perennial that is easy to cultivate, disease- and pest-free, and tolerant to drought, uneven sunlight, and poor soil.

There are also thousands of lovely daylilies to pick from. Combine early, mid-season, late-blooming, and repeat bloomers to have daylilies in bloom from late April until the first frost of the fall.

Daylilies, despite their name, are not “true lilies” and grow from fleshy roots. True lilies, like Asiatic and Oriental lilies, come from onion-like bulbs and are members of the genus Lilium.

Daylily leaves develop from a crown, while flowers form on leafless stems called “scapes” that rise above the foliage. Each scape bears 12-15 buds, and a mature plant might have 4 to 6 scapes, allowing the plant to bloom for a long time.

Daylilies can be planted in the spring as soon as the soil is workable. Alternatively, you can plant them in the early fall, at least six weeks before the first frost.

Daylilies don’t require much care and can even tolerate neglect, but if you want them to thrive and perform at their best, follow these simple steps.

Daylilies should be watered once a week during the first few weeks after planting.

Daylilies are drought resilient and may thrive without being watered. They do, however, prefer approximately an inch of water per week, which is easily supplied by typical rainfall.

Water them if you have a dry spell or live in a dry climate, and they will reward you with more blooms. Mulch all-around plant to keep it moist and reduce weeding.

Daylilies do not require fertilizing as long as the soil is fairly fertile. However, you can improve bloom performance by using a small amount of general-purpose fertilizer (10-10-10) once a year in early spring, when new daylily top grows develops.

Spread a few at the base of each daylily clump and water if necessary. If you choose, you can fertilize your daylilies again after they have stopped blooming to help your plants proliferate faster in the future.

Although deadheading is not required, wasted flowers can be removed to reduce seed formation and encourage more blooms.

Simply cut off their blossoms as you notice them withering. Most daylilies do not self-sow; you must divide them to propagate new plants.

When all of the flowers on a daylily scape have bloomed, you can cut the entire scape back to the ground right away, in the fall, or not at all. If you don’t clip it back, it’ll just turn brown and stay standing.

However, before new growth returns in the spring, remove the dead leaves from the previous year’s growth in early April. You should amend the soil surrounding the plants with aged manure or compost during this time as well.

17. Hibiscus

Hibiscus is a genus of flowering plants in the mallow family, Malvaceae. The genus is quite large, comprising several hundred species that are native to warm-temperate, subtropical, and tropical regions throughout the world.

pink hibiscus

Hibiscus flowers are large, showy, and colorful, making them popular as ornamental plants. They have also been used in traditional medicine for their purported medicinal properties.

The Hibiscus genus includes both annual and perennial herbaceous plants, as well as woody shrubs and small trees. The generic name is derived from the Greek word hibískos, which was the name Pedanius Dioscorides (ca. 40–90) given to Althaea Officinalis.

Hibiscus flowers have a distinctive shape, with five or more petals that are fused at the base to form a tube-like shape. The flowers are borne in terminal clusters and range in color from white to pink, red, orange, or yellow.

Hibiscus plants can be annuals, perennials, or shrubs, and are typically quite easy to grow. They prefer full sun but will tolerate some partial shade, and they need well-drained soil.

The plant can cover an entire fence with its branches. When in full bloom, it produces large, showy flowers that are popular with bees and other pollinators.

Hibiscus is a relatively low-maintenance plant and does not require much fertilizer. However, if you want to encourage more blooming, you can fertilize the plants in early spring and again in mid-summer.

18. Hostas

Hostas are herbaceous plants of the genus Hosta in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Agavoideae.

Hosta

They are native to northeast Asia (China, Japan, and Korea). There are about 50 species of Hosta, as well as countless cultivars and hybrids.

Hostas are grown for their ornamental foliage, which can be variegated or solid-colored. The leaves are often large, and the plants can reach heights of up to 2 meters (6.5 feet).

Hostas bloom in summer, producing flowers that are typically white or lavender in color.

Hostas are shade-loving plants and will do best in a shady spot in your garden. They prefer moist, well-drained soil and will rot in wet or poorly drained conditions.

Hostas are low-maintenance plants and do not require much fertilizer. A light application of general-purpose fertilizer (10-10-10) in early spring is all that is needed.

Hostas can be propagated by division in spring or fall. Simply dig up the plant, divide it into smaller sections, and replant it in the desired location.

To use Hostas as a fence cover, plant them in front of the fence so that their foliage can spill over and cover the bare wood. When choosing a variety, look for one with variegated leaves for added interest.

19. Hydrangeas

Hydrangeas are flowering plants native to Asia and the Americas. There are about 75 species of Hydrangea, including both deciduous and evergreen varieties.

Hydrangea

Hydrangeas are popular garden plants, grown for their large, showy flowers. The flowers can be white, pink, blue, or purple, and they are borne in clusters that can be up to 30 cm (12 inches) in diameter.

Hydrangeas prefer moist, well-drained soil and will not tolerate drought conditions. They prefer full sun but will tolerate some partial shade. Hydrangeas are relatively low-maintenance plants and do not require much fertilizer.

The optimum season to plant hydrangeas is in the autumn, followed by spring planting.

The objective is to give this shrub plenty of time to create a robust root system before the summer heat or the extreme chill of winter, thus planting should take place during the calmer shoulder seasons.

Planting hydrangea is quite simple. Remove the hydrangea from its container gently and inspect the root ball, snipping off any dead or decaying pieces and coaxing the roots free if the plant is particularly root-bound.

Dig a hole twice as deep as the root ball and twice as wide. The top of the planting hole should be level with the base of the plant (where the stem touches the soil).

Fill the hole halfway with soil and place the plant in it. Give plenty of water. Fill the rest of the hole with soil after the water has been absorbed. Reapply water thoroughly once again.

Hydrangeas are easily cultivated from cuttings. They root easily, and the procedure is a fantastic lesson in propagation. Here’s how to do it:

Find a branch that is new to growth and has not bloomed on a well-established hydrangea. New growth is lighter in color than old growth, and the stem is less stiff.

Make a horizontal incision 4 to 5 inches down from the branch’s tip. Make sure your cutting has at least 3 to 4 pairs of leaves.

Remove the cutting’s lowest pair of leaves, clipping them flush with the stem. Because roots develop more easily from these leaf nodes, remove more than one pair of leaves if possible. Keep at least two pairs of leaves at the point of the cutting, though.

If the remaining leaves are big, split them in half and discard the tip-half. This keeps the leaves from damaging the sides of the plastic bag you’ll use to cover the cutting later (to keep the humidity up).

(Optional) Apply rooting hormone and plant antifungal powder on the leafless part of the stem (both available at a local hardware store). This will promote roots while discouraging decay.

Fill a small pot with wet potting mix. Plant the cutting in the earth, sinking it down to the first pair of surviving leaves. Water lightly to remove any air pockets around the stem.

Wrap a plastic bag loosely around the pot to keep it from spilling. Make sure the leaves of the cutting aren’t in contact with the bag, or they may decay.

You can use chopsticks or anything similar to support up the bag and keep it from tumbling over and damaging the leaves.

It’s best to keep the pot out of direct sunshine and wind in an area that isn’t too hot. Check on your cutting every few days to ensure it isn’t rotting, and only water it again when the top layer of soil is dry.

Hopefully, the cutting will root in a few weeks! (If you feel resistance when gently pulling on the cutting, roots have grown.)

20. Irises

Irises are rhizomatous herbs with showy flowers, native to temperate and subtropical areas. The rhizomes spread outwards just under the soil surface, and sometimes produce offsets that can be transplanted.

Irises

The sword-shaped leaves grow to a height of 60-90 cm (24-35 in), and the flowers come in many colors, including blue, yellow, purple, white, pink, and orange.

Irises are simple to grow and make a lovely addition to any yard. They tolerate drought well and can even thrive in poorly drained soils. They prefer full sun but can also grow in partial shade.

The majority of irises bloom from late spring to early summer. Some bearded hybrids are remontant, which means they may bloom again later in the summer. The blooming season of Siberian irises tends to coincide with that of bearded irises.

Irises are beautiful cut flowers that attract butterflies and hummingbirds. They make excellent border plants and can be used to cover large areas quickly.

Irises blossom best in full daylight, which means at least 6 to 8 hours of direct sunshine every day. They can tolerate up to half a day of direct sunlight, but this is not ideal.

They will not bloom properly if not given adequate light. Bearded irises must not be shadowed out by other plants; many thrive in a separate bed.

Soil should be well-drained, fertile, and neutral to slightly acidic. Loosen the soil to a depth of 12 to 15 inches and then incorporate compost or aged manure.

Good drainage is essential: “Wet feet but dry knees,” say irises. In the winter, they will not tolerate moist soil. Irises are heavy feeders and will benefit from annual applications of compost or manure.

Irises do not transplant well, so it’s best to plant them in their permanent location. When planting, set the rhizome so that the top is about 1 inch below the soil surface and the roots are pointing downwards.

Space rhizomes 18 to 24 inches apart and then cover them with 2 to 3 inches of soil. Water the planting well and then mulch with straw or pine needles to help conserve moisture.

Irises are typically not bothered by pests or diseases. If you notice the leaves turning yellow and falling off, this is likely due to too much water. Check the drainage of your soil and make sure the rhizomes are not sitting in water.

Leaf spot and rust can sometimes be a problem, but these diseases are usually not serious. If you notice any pests or diseases, treat them immediately.

21. Lavender

Lavender is a perennial herb with lavender flower spikes towering above its gray to green leaves. It’s not just a gorgeous plant, but it also has medicinal and culinary uses.

Lavender plants near the fence

Lavender is native to the Mediterranean, Africa, and the Canary Islands. It’s a sun-loving plant that thrives in hot, dry conditions.

Lavender is a versatile plant that can be used in many different ways. It’s an excellent choice for a hedge, as it can grow to be quite tall. It also makes a beautiful border plant or groundcover.

The lavender plant is drought-tolerant and can even thrive in poor soils. It prefers full sun but will also grow in partial shade.

Lavender is a low-maintenance plant that doesn’t require much fertilizer. However, it will benefit from an annual application of compost or manure.

It is best planted as a young plant in the spring, once the soil temperature has reached at least 60°F (15°C) and the risk of frost has gone. When planting in the fall, consider larger, more established plants to assure their survival through the winter.

Lavender is difficult to cultivate from seed; instead, buy small starting plants from a garden nursery or take a softwood cutting from an existing plant.

Seeds can take up to three months to germinate, and seedlings in cool climates must be overwintered inside.

Lavender should be planted 2 to 3 feet apart. Plants typically grow to be 1 to 3 feet tall.

To keep wees at bay add mulch, such as rock or pea gravel. Keep the mulch away from the lavender plant’s crown, though, in order to avoid root rot and excessive watering.

22. Lilacs

Lilacs are a beautiful and fragrant addition to any garden. They are relatively easy to care for and can be grown in a wide range of climates.

Lilac

Lilacs are deciduous shrubs that can grow to be 10 to 20 feet tall. They have large, heart-shaped leaves and clusters of fragrant flowers that bloom in the spring.

Syringa vulgaris, also known as the common lilac, is adored for its hardiness, reliability, and scent. Indeed, lilacs can live for over a century, often outlasting the houses around which they were planted.

Lilacs are best planted in the spring, after the last frost. They prefer full sun but will also grow in partial shade.

Lilacs should be watered regularly during the growing season. They are drought-tolerant but will produce more flowers if they are given ample water.

Lilacs thrive on fertile, humus-rich, well-drained soil that is neutral to alkaline (at a pH near 7.0).

If your soil is depleted, add compost to enhance it. Make sure the planting area drains effectively, as lilacs dislike damp feet and will not bloom if they are kept too wet.

Lilacs can be propagated from seed, but it is difficult to get the seeds to germinate. It is easier to propagate lilacs from softwood cuttings taken from new growth in the spring.

23. Magnolias

Magnolias are large, beautiful trees that have been cultivated for centuries.

There are over 200 species of magnolia, but the two most popular types grown in gardens are the saucer magnolia (Magnolia x soulangiana) and the star magnolia (Magnolia stellata).

magnolia

Magnolias are native to Asia, North America, and Central America. They prefer moist, well-drained soils and warm climates.

The saucer magnolia is a hybrid of the Japanese magnolia (M. denudata) and the European sweetheart magnolia (M. x soulangiana).

It is a deciduous tree that grows to be 15 to 20 feet tall. The saucer magnolia is one of the most popular types of magnolia, as it is relatively easy to care for and can tolerate a wide range of climates.

The star magnolia is a small, deciduous tree that only grows to be 10 to 15 feet tall. It is named for its star-shaped flowers, which bloom in early spring.

The saucer magnolia and the star magnolia are both best planted in the spring, after the last frost. They prefer full sun but will also grow in partial shade.

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